What is a think aloud?
Thinking aloud is when you make your thinking public. When using, teachers verbalize their thoughts while they are reading aloud. It helps students see how you are reading/thinking by modeling/demonstrating how you did something and what your thought process was.
Why should you use a think aloud?
Students are able to understand comprehension strategies because they can see how the mind can work through difficult parts and construct meaning from the reading. This modeling helps students know what they should do when they are reading independently.
How do you think aloud?
1. Teacher selects a reading passage that contains difficult words, concepts, or contradictions.
2. Teacher reads the passage aloud with students follow along silently. Teacher stops frequently and talks through difficult words, concepts, or contradictions in the text. Teacher could also display the text on an overhead or computer screen as well.
What should you include in a think aloud?
1. predictions
ex: “I think this is…”
2. visualizations (mental pictures)
ex: “When I picture this in my head, it looks like…”
3. connections (linking information to prior knowledge/experiences)
ex: “This is like..”
“This reminds me of..”
4. confusing parts(monitoring comprehension)
ex: “This doesn’t make sense”
5. use of fix up strategies (correcting comprehension)
ex: “I should re-read this part so that I can better understand…”
6. summarizing
ex: “The big idea here is…”
Adapted from Content Area Reading: Literacy and Learning Across the Curriculum by Richard T. and Joanne L. Vacca