SUMMARIZING
* Taking text and reducing to only what’s needed
* Key ideas, gist, main points
* Helps readers express the text in a short version – easier to remember
* Language to use:
- What is this selection about?
- What are the main ideas of this selection? What is your evidence?
- What is not important to remember in this selection? Why?
From The Café Book by Gail Boushy & Joan Moser

* Students need to be taught that the process of summarizing begins before reading (predicting, remembering, determining important details)
* Summarizing is the culmination of reading and fully understanding
* Quality of a summary is depending upon the depth of comprehension and ability to communicate that understanding
* Summarizing is different than retelling
- retelling: provide an in-depth account of the story (facts, events, details) in order
- summarizing: statement of the text’s major points
* Importance of Summarizing
  • one of the top nine effective teaching strategies
  • - improves comprehension and long term memory

* Problems with Summarizing (p. 156)
- do not include what’s important - do not know what’s important
- include too much info (retelling) - do not include enough information
- copy the text – don’t use own words - leave out main idea/supporting details
- don’t take the time to comprehend the reading before summarizing (can’t summarize what you don’t understand)

* Summarizing Components (p. 156)
- I read the text features and predict the main idea
- I reflect on my prediction and either confirm or revise it
- I read the text features and think how they relate to the main idea
- Notice bold and italic words and think how they relate to the main idea
- Read subheadings and titles and think about how they relate to the main idea
- Identify a section of the text that I can read and remember
- Stop at the end of a section to connect, visualize, remember what was read
- Answer questions asked
- Reread to verify important ideas
- Clarify meaning
- Reread to choose supporting details and fats
- Eliminate unimportant details
From Comprehension Shouldn’t Be Silent by Michelle Kelley & Nicki Clausen-Grace

A few summarizing activities to try....
* Summary Template
* Magnet Summaries
* Lesson Closure
* Somebody-Wanted-But-So